Version 1 (modified by trac, 15 years ago)



Trac is distributed with a powerful command-line configuration tool. This tool can be used to configure and customize your Trac-installation to better fit your needs.

Some of those operations can also be performed via the Admin web interface, an updated version of the  WebAdmin plugin now integrated within Trac (since version 0.11).


You can get a comprehensive list of the available options, commands and sub-commands by invoking trac-admin with the help command:.

trac-admin help

Unless you're executing the help, about or version sub-commands, you'll need to specify the path to the TracEnvironment that you want to administer as the first argument, for example:

trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki list

Interactive Mode

When passing the environment path as the only argument, trac-admin starts in interactive mode. Commands can then be executed on the selected environment using the prompt, which offers tab-completion (on non-Windows environments, and when the Python readline module is available) and automatic repetition of the last command issued.

Once you're in interactive mode, you can also get help on specific commands or subsets of commands:

For example, to get an explanation of the resync command, run:

> help resync

To get help on all the Wiki-related commands, run:

> help wiki

Full Command Reference

	-- Show documentation

	-- Create and initialize a new environment interactively

initenv <projectname> <db> <repostype> <repospath>
	-- Create and initialize a new environment from arguments

hotcopy <backupdir>
	-- Make a hot backup copy of an environment

	-- Re-synchronize trac with the repository

resync <rev>
	-- Re-synchronize only the given <rev>

	-- Upgrade database to current version

deploy <directory>
	-- Extract static resources from Trac and all plugins.

permission list [user]
	-- List permission rules

permission add <user> <action> [action] [...]
	-- Add a new permission rule

permission remove <user> <action> [action] [...]
	-- Remove permission rule

wiki list
	-- List wiki pages

wiki remove <page>
	-- Remove wiki page

wiki export <page> [file]
	-- Export wiki page to file or stdout

wiki import <page> [file]
	-- Import wiki page from file or stdin

wiki dump <directory>
	-- Export all wiki pages to files named by title

wiki load <directory>
	-- Import all wiki pages from directory

wiki upgrade
	-- Upgrade default wiki pages to current version

ticket remove <number>
	-- Remove ticket

ticket_type list
	-- Show possible ticket types

ticket_type add <value>
	-- Add a ticket type

ticket_type change <value> <newvalue>
	-- Change a ticket type

ticket_type remove <value>
	-- Remove a ticket type

ticket_type order <value> up|down
	-- Move a ticket type up or down in the list

priority list
	-- Show possible ticket priorities

priority add <value>
	-- Add a priority value option

priority change <value> <newvalue>
	-- Change a priority value

priority remove <value>
	-- Remove priority value

priority order <value> up|down
	-- Move a priority value up or down in the list

severity list
	-- Show possible ticket severities

severity add <value>
	-- Add a severity value option

severity change <value> <newvalue>
	-- Change a severity value

severity remove <value>
	-- Remove severity value

severity order <value> up|down
	-- Move a severity value up or down in the list

component list
	-- Show available components

component add <name> <owner>
	-- Add a new component

component rename <name> <newname>
	-- Rename a component

component remove <name>
	-- Remove/uninstall component

component chown <name> <owner>
	-- Change component ownership

version list
	-- Show versions

version add <name> [time]
	-- Add version

version rename <name> <newname>
	-- Rename version

version time <name> <time>
	-- Set version date (Format: "YYYY-MM-DD", "now" or "")

version remove <name>
	-- Remove version

milestone list
	-- Show milestones

milestone add <name> [due]
	-- Add milestone

milestone rename <name> <newname>
	-- Rename milestone

milestone due <name> <due>
	-- Set milestone due date (Format: "YYYY-MM-DD", "now" or "")

milestone completed <name> <completed>
	-- Set milestone completed date (Format: "YYYY-MM-DD", "now" or "")

milestone remove <name>
	-- Remove milestone

resolution list
	-- Show possible ticket resolutions

resolution add <value>
	-- Add a resolution value option

resolution change <value> <newvalue>
	-- Change a resolution value

resolution remove <value>
	-- Remove resolution value

resolution order <value> up|down
	-- Move a resolution value up or down in the list


The initenv also supports an extra --inherit option, which can be used to specify the [inherit] file option at environment creation time so that only the options not already specified in the global configuration file will be written in the conf/trac.ini file of the newly created environment. See TracIni#GlobalConfiguration.

Note that in version 0.11 of Trac, initenv lost an extra last argument <templatepath>, which was used in previous versions to point to the templates folder. If you are using the one-liner 'trac-admin /path/to/trac/ initenv <projectname> <db> <repostype> <repospath>' in the above and getting an error that reads 'Wrong number of arguments to initenv: 4', then this is because you're using a trac-admin script from an older version of Trac.

See also: TracGuide, TracBackup, TracPermissions, TracEnvironment, TracIni,  TracMigrate